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ophelious eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Wow, joxy, that is really a question and a half. Whole books have been written on the subject, so I can't do much more here than give you a few general causes.

  1. The assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.  This ultimately led to the demands Austria made on Serbia that, when not totally accepted, triggered an invasion (and started WWI.)
  2. The system of alliances, by which Europe was an interlocked net of countries that "had each-other's back."  It went a little something like this: Austria declared war on Serbia / Russia and France get ready to declare war on Austria / Germany declares war on Russia and France first (to get a jump on them and help their buddies the Austrians) / the UK declares war on Germany (because Germany, to get at France, rolls through neutral Belgium and won't get out) / Turkey jumps...

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bmadnick eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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