According to its proponents, there are two main problems that the Balanced Budget Amendment would solve.
First, there is the problem of the governmental debt. Proponents of the amendment believe that it would prevent the government from going further into debt. They believe that it would force members of Congress to economize in ways that they will not if left to their own devices.
Second, there is what the proponents see as the problem of big government. Most of those who favor the amendment are conservatives. They believe that the federal government has gotten to be too big and that it must be reined in. They believe that the amendment will force reductions in government spending and will, thereby, force Congress to reduce the overall size of the government.