Briefly explain three factors which can be controlled which put an individual at risk for cardiovascular problems. 

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besure77 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are many factors which put an individual at risk for cardiovascular problems. Many of these factors are controllable.

The first is obesity. American have a high rate of obesity which causes heart problems along with many other problems as well. People with weight problems may have higher blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and diabetes. Having a high BMI (body mass index) also puts a person at risk.

Diet and exercise are crucial to heart health. A diet high in vegetables, fruits, and lean meats are all very healthy.

Another factor that contributes to heart health is smoking. Smoking is very dangerous not only to the heart but to the entire body.

 

brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A person's diet, particularly one that is high in LDL (bad) cholesterol over time can build up blockages of plaque in the arteries leading to the heart, and this can cause heart attacks, low energy, etc.

A lack of exercise can contirbute to heart problems as well. The cardiac rate needs to be elevated for at least twenty minutes three times per week, and most Americans do not get that much exercise.  It strengthens the heart muscle and prevents strokes and heart attacks.

Lastly, if a person is a smoker, it stresses the heart and limits the ability of the blood to carry oxygen.  Smoking can triple a person's risk of heart attack or stroke.

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