Elie Wiesel was liberated from the Buchenwald concentration camp on April 11, 1945. He spent two years in a refugee home in France, during which time he learned French and developed an interest in philosophy.
From 1948-1951, Wiesel was a student at the Sorbonne in Paris, studying literature, philosophy, and psychology. He then began to work as a journalist. He emigrated to the United States in 1956 and assumed the position of United Nations correspondent for the Israeli newspaper "Yediot Aharonot."
1956 also saw the publication of a Yiddish-language manuscript which became the basis for the French translation of the first edition of Night, which was published in 1960. Since that publication, Wiesel has written a number of other works addressing the challenges faced by those dealing with survivor guilt after the Holocaust and other issues facing the Jewish people and their relations with the world that has persecuted them so often.
In 1969, Wiesel married Marion Erster Rose, who has become his primary translator. He was named Distinguished Professor of Judaic Studies at City College of New York in 1972 and continued in this position until 1976, when he went to Boston University as the Andrew Mellon Professor of Humanities.
Among many other recognitions of his humanitarian work and his efforts to keep alive the memory of those killed while working to prevent future atrocities, Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.