Film is and always has been a global industry. Yet Hollywood stands as the prime example of creativity, productivity, and crowd pleasing entertainment within the film industry.
While the pace and popularity of film production in France, Japan, and now India (to name a few) have experienced major fluctuations, Hollywood took a grip on the business of film in the early 20th century and has maintained a strong presence in the world film market and in the popular imagination.
Hollywood developed the "studio" mode of production, which emphasized the role of the producer in the process of film making. Other film cultures placed more emphasis on directors in the process. The virtues of the Hollywood studio system were defined by consistency and productivity and seen by many as a successful business model.
In southern California, film making is given the moniker, "the industry", as Hollywood employes many people in a variety of professions. Lighting engineers, actors, set designers, make-up artists, graphic effects artists and many professions are included in the cast and crew of Hollywood films.