Write a brief description of a population segment (by race, ethnicity, economic status, geographical location, etc.). Then, explain the relationship between health inequality/inequities and common biological or behavioral risk factors that have been linked to a particular disease in that population segment. Finally, describe the relationship between health inequality/inequities and life expectancy for that population.
When you are talking about population segments you are talking about specific groups within the population that share a common characteristic or behavior such as religion, economic status, culture or ethnicity. When you are looking to explore common health factors within a segment there can be biologically based health factors (genetic predisposition) or behavioral health factors (the segments physical actions that may lead to the health problem). An example of a biologically based health factor would being of African American decent which means that they may be prone to sickle cell anemia, a disease which those who are not descended from the African, Middle Eastern or Mediterranean areas of the world do not have. An example of a behaviorally based health risk could be blood borne pathogens among those who use intravenous drugs.
When looking at the life expectancy of those with biological and behavioral health risks the risk of death is higher for those who do not have access to health care. For those who have behavioral health risks the risk of death also increases if the behaviors that place them at risk are not changed.