In The Boy in the Striped Pajamas, how is Pavel's treatment of Bruno when he falls from the tire swing different from the way Pavel is treated by Bruno's family?

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The person who treats Pavel with the most disrespect is Lieutenant Kotler, not necessarily Bruno's family. In chapter 7, Lieutenant Kotler is the one who tells Pavel to help Bruno with finding a tire for the boy to make a swing, and along with that, he can't finish a sentence without calling Pavel a bad name. Gretel, Bruno's sister, does not say anything mean to Pavel, but she doesn't stop Kotler from being rude to Pavel either. (Guilt by association, one might say.) Bruno remembers in this chapter that his father thinks that Pavel is a good waiter, so his father probably doesn't disrespect Pavel as much as Kotler does. That's not to say that Bruno's father "likes" Pavel in any way—it just means he's not as immature or rude as Kotler is.

Having been a doctor before the war, however, Pavel's training and good nature hold him to a higher standard when Bruno gets hurt in chapter 7. Bruno thinks he might bleed to death, but Pavel calms the child down, takes him into the house, and takes care of the wounded knee. When Bruno's mother comes in, she thanks Pavel and sends Bruno out, but not before Bruno overhears her thanking Pavel. The mother even tells Pavel that she will protect him by saying, "If the Commandant asks, we'll say that I cleaned Bruno up" (85). The boy's mother shows kindness towards Pavel just like he showed kindness to her son. Unfortunately, the kindness must be kept a secret because of the fact that Pavel is a Jew. Pavel actually risked his life by helping Bruno. That's more than the mother risks by covering for him, but at least she does something more than her husband, Kotler, and Gretel would have done. Therefore, Pavel's treatment of Bruno is better than how Bruno's family treats him, but there is an element of kindness from the mother. And even though the father and sister aren't particularly rude to Pavel, at least they aren't as bad as Kotler is.

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In Chapter 7, Bruno falls from his tire swing, and Pavel runs outside to see if he is alright. Pavel shows Bruno kindness by carrying him inside and cleaning his wound. While Pavel is bandaging Bruno's knee, he calms Bruno by telling him that his cut is not so bad and will heal on its own. Pavel is gentle and caring towards Bruno after the accident. In contrast, Pavel is treated with contempt by Bruno's family and the rest of the Nazi guards. Pavel is a Jew, and Jews are viewed negatively by the Germans. After Pavel bandages Bruno's knee, Bruno's mother tells him to say she was the one who cared for Bruno. Pavel is despised, and the thought of a Jew touching a German child is horrendous in the eyes of Bruno's father. In Chapter 14, Pavel is clearly showing the signs of malnutrition as he forgets to fill the Commandant's glass and begins to lose his balance while he is serving. At the end of the chapter, Pavel spills wine on Lieutenant Kotler and Bruno's family sits idly by as Kotler assaults Pavel. The author does not go into specific details, but it is suggested that Kotler mercilessly punishes Pavel for his mistake. Pavel's kindness towards Bruno contrasts greatly with the way Bruno's family treats him. They are indignant towards Pavel and could care less about his well-being.

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