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The box has 40 balls with a mass of 30 g, 20 with a mass of 50 g and 10 that have a mass 100 g each. If the number of balls with each of the given mass was the same, the average mass of the balls would indeed have been `(30 + 50 + 100)/3 = 60 g` .
But the number of balls with each of the given mass is not the same. There are a total of 40 balls that have a mass of only 30 g, the number of balls of 50 g and 100 g is 20 and 10 each. To find the average mass of each ball in the box, first determine the total mass of all the balls in the box and divide it by the total number of balls.
The mass of all the balls is 40*30 + 20*50 + 10*100 = 1200 + 1000 + 1000 = 3200 g. The total number of balls in the box is 40 + 20 + 10 = 70.
This gives the average mass of each ball as `3200/70 ~~ 45.71` g
The average mass of each ball in the box is approximately 45.71 g
The average mass of each ball would approximately 45.71 if we do the following calculation.
Total mass of the balls = 40*30 + 20*50 + 10*100 = 3200
Total numbers of the balls = 40+20+10 = 70
Therefore, the average mass of each ball = 3200/70 = 45.71
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