Standpoint theory is a postmodern sociological theory that emphasizes the relationship between social location and knowledge or perspective. Standpoint theory suggests that an individual's perspective is rooted in his or her social identity. This identity might include race, class, gender, nationality, religion or ethnicity.
Standpoint theory also examines the way in which knowledge is constructed within hierarchical structures such as academia. W.E.B. Du Bois and feminists sociologists use standpoint theory in order to illuminate issues of race, gender and class when it comes to the construction of knowledge. These theorists seek to destabilize the idea of knowledge as objective. Instead, they argue, knowledge is socially constructed and thus reflects the power dynamics of society at large.