The Spirit of the Laws by Montesquieu

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In The Spirit of the Laws, how does Montesquieu aim for political moderation?

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"Moderation" is a central theme to The Spirit of the Laws. Speaking generally, Montesquieu saw moderation in two ways. The first was a sort of middle ground between government by the people and government by an absolute monarch. The first, democracy, would lead to tyranny, as would the second. The middle ground of government by an aristocracy governed by civic virtue was the essence of moderation to Montesquieu, and he sought to promote this through the famous separation of powers model that he described in The Spirit of the Laws . He based this system on the English constitution, which he and many other Enlightenment thinkers saw as the height of political moderation. The second aspect to moderation as described by Montesquieu was a sort of harmony between a society and its government. The...

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