In the book The Odyssey, why must Odysseus disguise himself as a beggar? Because he still looks the same and doesn't want Penelope to recognize him?

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In Homer's The Odyssey, Odysseus is portrayed as a cunning, discerning man who exercises caution when he returns home to Ithaca after twenty years. Once Odysseus arrives home, Athena cleverly disguises him as a lowly beggar, which gives him the opportunity to assess his household and test the loyalty of those around him. Odysseus recognizes that unscrupulous suitors are ravishing his estate and desires to know whether or not his servants and former attendants are loyal to him or to the suitors. Odysseus's goal is to avenge the suitors, and he is willing to punish everyone who helped them disgrace his estate. As a beggar, Odysseus has the advantage of gaining a unique perspective on those around him without them recognizing his true identity.

In addition to giving Odysseus the opportunity to test the loyalty of his former servants and attendants, being disguised as a beggar also provides him with the element of surprise. Odysseus is able to formulate a plan and gain the necessary proximity...

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