In the book My Antonia who learns more through their relationship, Jim or Antonia? I need three reasons. I actually have an idea for this i just need to make sure I’m right.

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I think, for practical reasons, the answer has to be Jim.

  1. The story is told from Jim’s point of view, so whatever lessons Antonia might have learned are simply the ones Jim thinks she has learned. A major element in the book is Antonia’s unavailability, or otherness. Part of her allure is that Jim never knows what she thinks, and one of the things that sometimes frustrates people about the book is Jim’s tendency to project meanings onto Antonia. She is, however, her own person.
  2. I think what Jim learns from this relationship is that it is possible for people to have fulfilling lives independent of himself. As Frances tells him in Chapter XIII, “‘I expect I know the country girls better than you do. You always put a kind of glamour over them. The trouble with you, Jim, is that you’re romantic.’” Jim is a romantic, but girls like Antonia don’t depend on his “glamorizing” to live their lives.
  3. Jim’s return to Nebraska at the end of the novel, and his final meeting with Antonia, bears this out. Jim is a successful Eastern attorney, but Antonia, with her large family and farm to tend, is living out an experience that Jim never truly understood. It’s not that Jim’s “romanticizing” of Black Hawk and life on the farm is untrue, exactly; what he learns (us readers, too!) is that his point of view is not the only one that counts. Antonia has a good life, partly because of him, but also partly regardless of him.
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You will probably get some differing viewpoints on this from many teachers, but I believe Jim learns more.

First of all, Jim is the narrator, so we are privy to his innermost thoughts. The story of Antonia is only told through Jim's narrative, and Jim's perspective, so we truly don't know what she learns, just what Jim thinks she may have learned.

Also, from the beginning, Jim is a brooding, alienated (orphaned), cerbral character. He learns a lot about who he is and who he is not from observing the way Antonia lives, the way she interacts with her family and others (not always to her betterman), and by weighing his own philosophies and way of life against hers, he learns more about himself. We don't have any evidence in the novel that Antonia does this in return. In fact, she mostly rejects the way Jim chooses to do things and when he gives her advice about some of the mistakes he thinks she is making, she ignores it.

Finally, at the end of the novel, it is Jim who returns to Nebraska seeking out some solace after his failed marriage. He is a successful attorney, but his life is empty and lonely. He admires what Antonia has, a loving husband, a big family, and he again compares his life to hers and finds his lacking.

Jim is Willa Cather's "voice" as well as a character, therefore his lessons, I believe, are the more prominent ones.

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