There are three technically important men in Shirley Jackson's short story "The Lottery."
Joe Summers is the most important man in the village where the lottery takes place. not only is he the wealthiest man in the village, he is the one who is in charge of conducting the lottery. Ironically, his name contrasts the task he undertakes.
Mr. Graves is the second most important man in the story and, therefore, the second most important man in the story. Not only does he aid Mr. Summers in the conducting of the lottery, his name foreshadows what is to come.
Mr. Adams is another important man in the story. While he is not one of the men who conducts the lottery, his questioning of the lottery shows him to be one who is not opposed to change. That being said, he is one of the people who rush to the front of the crowd when it comes time to "reward" the winner.
Old Man Warner