What is the relationship of the gods Athena and Poseidon to mortals in Homer's Odyssey?It seems that the gods aittudes toward mortals seem a bit childish except in Athenas case..even in the...

What is the relationship of the gods Athena and Poseidon to mortals in Homer's Odyssey?

It seems that the gods aittudes toward mortals seem a bit childish except in Athenas case..even in the illiad.

Original Question: book 13 of the Odyssey..Athenas relationship with Odysseus and Posiedens anger at his own people..can you explain the gods relationship with mortals

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thanatassa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The relationship of Greek gods to mortals is often described as “do ut des” (give that you might be given). The gods are not so much concerned with abstract morality as with honour and sacrifices. Different gods are patrons of different cities and different people, and human conflicts often represent loyalties to opposing gods.

Poseidon and Athena at some point before the Trojan war had a contest concerning who would be the patron deity of Athens; Poseidon lost. Athena supports Odysseus (and thus Telemachus) and Poseidon, because Odysseus blinded his son Polyphemus, opposes Odysseus.

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The Odyssey

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