In Book 13, Athena tests Odysseus.  What do these tests tell us about Athena?

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missy575 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Athena tests Odysseus by appearing as a young boy while Odysseus awakes to a misty seemingly-new land. It is indeed Ithaca and not knowing that it was Odysseus' impatience was brewing. Athena tested him to determine if he would do the right thing when he figured out and ascertained the truth. Odysseus determines to disguise himself and she helps him. Odysseus discusses his frustration with her for this whole time that he had been struggling and she demonstrated that she was helping him only that she had to disguise herself as to not arouse Poseidon's rage. This aspect of her character demonstrates her wisdom and more importantly, cunning trickery to get what she needs.