Biology is the study of life. How do the following activities involve biology?
1. Taking care of your pet
2. Recycling your junk
3. Watering your lawn
4. Eating breakfast
5. Taking medicine
6. Visiting a zoo
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1. Taking care of your pet - Depending upon what kind of animal a person owns, there are many things that one should know about its biological makeup. For instance, if a person owns a horse, the owner should have a knowledge of the animal's eating habits and needs, of course. But, since 10-11% of horse population suffers from colic in which digestion is blocked, it is important to know what to do for the horse. A proper diet and good worming will often some of the best things to keep a horse healthy. Dental care and hoof care are also essential; for example, horses can be severely damaged by laminitis, an extreme swelling/inflammation inside of the hoof which often comes after eating too much rich grass. It is also important to know that horses cannot take stress from an injury in the way that a dog can, for instance.
2. Recycling junk - It is important to know which things are biodegradable so that harmful chemicals are not put into the environment. Only things that can be decomposed by bacteria or other living organisms should be put into the earth.
3. Watering the lawn - Because watering a lawn at night can leave moisture on the ground level, mildew can occur and fungus can attack the grass. It is better to water early in the morning so that the lawn will dry during the day and water will soak down into the earth, nourishing the grass better so it will grow healthy.
4. Eating breakfast - Especially for children and teens, breakfast is a very important meal because it can provide necessary proteins for the brain which will help with concentration, as well as carbohydrates which can be broken down and absorbed by the body, providing energy for bodily functions.
5. Taking medicine - When a person is ill or has a certain medical condition, he/she takes medicine in order to alleviate symptons or to lower dangerous levels of substances that damage the heart, etc. However, when a person ingests medication, it is important that this medication is absorbed in the body or it can become toxic. Research has shown that patients should not eat or drink certain things when taking certain medicines because chemical reactions can occur that are harmful or substances in the food can mitigate the effect of the medicine. For instance, grapefruit should not be eaten when taking antibiotics, cancer medication, or heart medicine, among others. Furanocoumarins in grapefruit deactivate an enzyme in the stomach that breaks down drugs, which can cause a toxin amount of the drug in the blood.
6. Visiting a zoo - When a person visits a zoo, he/she observes many exotic animals and various plants. The visitor should not feed any of the animals since their digestive systems all differ and some things can harm them. Also, the visitor should be careful not to damage any of the plants and wish to avoid touching them since there could be an allergic reaction.
Biology is a part of science that deals with all forms of life, and is a study of various aspects of life that includes their structure, form, function, growth, evolution and distribution.
In the activities described in the question biology is involved in many ways.
1. Taking care of your pet: Your pet is a living organism. To take good care of your pet you need to understand what its requirements are. Each animal has a requirement of nutrients essential for its health. You should understand this properly to be able to give your pet the food appropriate for it. It is also important to realize that all animals are not susceptible to the same illnesses, each has its own list of ailments, symptoms and cures for the same. Finally, taking care of many animals also requires an understanding of their psychological needs, you may not need to know what your fish is thinking to take good care of it but if you have an animal like a dog or a cat as a pet you need to take care of its psychological needs also.
2. Recycling your junk: Junk includes both inorganic as well as organic products. To recycle junk it is essential to understand how the waste is broken down. For instance, the organisms that are involved in the decay of leftover food are not able to survive in the presence of many chemicals. It is therefore essential to keep the two separate. If you are using a compost pit to recycle, an understanding of biology will also help in deciding where the pit should be created, how much air is required and how you should mix different organic wastes to recycle them without the production of gases with a foul odor.
3. Watering your lawn: The water requirement of different plants is not the same. Biology can help you understand how often the grass needs to be watered and if you should take any special precautions while doing the same.
4. Eating breakfast: This is an activity that directly affects your body and determines how much energy you have and how you feel throughout the day. A breakfast should contain adequate nutrition and help you stay fresh and active throughout the day.
5. Taking medicine: You can understand how medicines affect you as well as how they affect the organisms against which they are being taken. For instance, a knowledge of biology will help you understand why you have a bad stomach when on antibiotics. With the right knowledge you can make sure you take the medicines that do not adversely affect you, take them at the correct time and ensure each of them does the right job.
6. Visiting a zoo: The purpose of visiting a zoo is to see living organisms. Any visit to the zoo is an interactive lesson in biology. It helps you understand the different life forms that live on this planet, how diverse life is and how life is adapted to exist in its natural environment.
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