I have included a link below to a fuller version of his biography, but just to get you started, here are some essential facts. Henrik Ibsen was born in Norway in 1828 as the oldest child of a well-to-do family. However, at seven, his father went bankrupt and the family suffered changed circumstances as a result. He was a real loner, an avid reader and someone who lived in his own world of the imagination.
He actually started off in life wanting to be a doctor, until his interests shifted towards literature. At 23 he became a stage manager and playwright for a new theatre in Bergen. In spite of this, his early works received negative attention and he was very poor. It was only with Brand and Peer Gynt that he received success. Then he wrote realistic dramas in prose, of which A Doll's House, written in 1879 is the most famous. Others include Ghosts, An Enemy of the People, The Wild Duck, Hedda Gabler and The Master Builder. His works became the foundation of modern realistic drama. His plays are charged with social criticism.