What literary device apart from symbolism is used in The Awakening by Kate Chopin?

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Symbolism is one major literary technique used in Kate Chopin’s novel The Awakening. Irony is another.  Throughout the book, Chopin uses irony in ways that surprise us, open our eyes, or make us think. Examples of the use of irony in this book include the following:

  • In Chapter I, Edna’s middle-aged husband, speaking of her new young friend Robert LeBrun, walks off to his club, but not before telling Edna concerning Robert,

"Well, send him about his business when he bores you, Edna . . .”

It doesn’t seem to occur to Léonce at this point (although it has certainly begun to occur to the reader), that it may be Léonce himself, rather than Robert, who has begun to bore Edna.

  • In Chapter III, after the somewhat self-centered Léonce has returned home from a night of drinking and gambling, he awakens Edna from a deep sleep and then is annoyed when she doesn’t pay him immediate and rapt attention:

He thought it very discouraging that his wife, who was the sole object of his existence, evinced...

(The entire section contains 560 words.)

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