Besides comedy/ tragedy, what differences do you see between Oedipus Rex and A Midsummer Night's Dream?

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I would say a major difference between the two plays concerns theme: Oedipus Rex is centrally concerned with the problems caused by too much pride or hubris (which encourages people to think they can defy fate), while A Midsummer Night's Dream is primarily focused on the problems caused by love....

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I would say a major difference between the two plays concerns theme: Oedipus Rex is centrally concerned with the problems caused by too much pride or hubris (which encourages people to think they can defy fate), while A Midsummer Night's Dream is primarily focused on the problems caused by love. Both states—hubris and eros (romantic love)—cloud our judgment and make it difficult, if not impossible, to perceive the world clearly, but they do so in different ways.

In Oedipus, the pleasure of the viewing comes from the catharsis, or release of emotion, of watching the tragic unfolding of another person's fate. In Midsummer, the pleasure comes in a more light-hearted way: from laughing at the crazy things love causes people to do.

Another difference between the two plays is the role of the supernatural and fate. In Oedipus, the oracle doesn't ever make a mistake, and what is fated by the gods rules our lives. We can't escape our destinies. In Midsummer, the supernatural creatures, in this case fairies and hobgoblins, like Puck, can and do make mistakes that then have to be remedied. This underlines that the universe is less serious in Midsummer than in Oedipus.

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Oedipus Rex and A Midsummer Night's Dream have quite different plots in terms of structure and content. The other answers here address the differing content and tones of the play, so I'll point out the major structural differences.

As you've noted in your question, the later is a comedy, the former a tragedy. Oedipus Rex, like much of Ancient Greek theater, also conforms to Aristotle's dramatic unities of action, time, and place, meaning that the play follows a single action, takes place over the course of a single day, and is set in only one location. This could not be more different from Midsummer, which contains multiple subplots, spans several days, and hinges on the characters leaving civilized, courtly Athens and entering the magical world of the woods. One can imagine that if Shakespeare had written Oedipus Rex, the backstory that the audience learns through speeches regarding the prophecy and Oedipus's journey to Thebes would play out onstage rather than offstage, as he was not concerned with adhering to the unities as Sophocles was.

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Both plays are about mistaken identity and confusion. Though they stem from very different cultures, Shakespeare was clearly influenced by both Greek culture and history. You can see those influences is all of his plays, but the nobility does make mistakes of hubris as Oedipus was.
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Well, these wouldn't be the first two plays that come to mind for a comparison! You have lots of differences - setting, tone of the play, levity, inclusion of humour and the happy ending. In some ways, Oedipus Rex is a grim, relentless tragedy, caused mostly by the dramatic irony - we know what Oedipus only finds out at the end - his identity. Very different from the light-hearted comedy of Shakespeare.

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