In Beowulf, what are some examples of kennings and personification?

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Anglo-Saxon poems like Beowulf are riddled with kennings, and they add to the rich imagery that is used to describe the adventures of their epic heroes like Beowulf. Kennings are a descriptive phrase or compound word that replaces a noun; a noun phrase which describes a well-known, familiar noun in a new and more descriptive way. They are typically (but not always) two word phrases which give specific information about the qualities and characteristics of the noun the phrase replaces.

A kenning can be almost like a puzzle or riddle, because its purpose is to show the item in an unusual way.

Kennings are often used in Beowulf to describe the hero as well as the supernatural opponents that he faces. Kennings used to describe Beowulf include the Geats ring-giver, mighty protector of men, or the Prince of the Geats. Grendel is described as the Midnight Stalker, sin-stained demon, or the Almighty's enemy. By using such powerful language, the poet not only refers to a character in a new and...

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