Why does Dante put the virtuous pagans and babies in Limbo? Did that go against the medieval church's teachings?

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During Dante's time, the Roman Catholic Church, at the Council of Trent, recognized that righteous people who died before Christ came should have a chance for redemption. Because they lived virtuous lives, they were considered to be as innocent as babies and worthy of salvation. The church declared that these souls were being kept in Limbo, the first circle of Dante's hell, until they were deemed fit to enter...

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