I'm not entirely sure what you mean by explicit and implicit claims in this novel. Can you elaborate on your question?
Do you mean explicit and implicit similes? Similes are ways of illustrating comparisons using inanimate or animate objects. An implicit simile is suggestive and may be interpreted a variety of ways, for example, "She eats like a horse." An explicit simile is more descriptive and direct, for example, "She ate like a famished horse with its nose in a bag of grain, greedily and with snuffling sounds coming from her mouth."