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While all three of the main theories of language acquisition recognize important aspects of the process, the theory of "nativism" seems to support the patterns followed by the largest number of children without immediate demonstrations of development in contradiction to the theory's holding.
The theory of nativism proposes that there is an innate ability contained within the human brain which allows it to spontaneously begin building a system of language when it reaches the appropriate level of maturation. This acquisition occurs in the presence of language being used by others in the environment, but is not limited to imitation - children are capable of constructing communication patterns independent of what they hear - or to reinforcement by persons in the child's surroundings of the spoken content of a child's early language.
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