Based on the following document, name 3 changes the third estate demanded be made in the French government.These are the excerpts from the list of grievances from the third estate about the King,...

Based on the following document, name 3 changes the third estate demanded be made in the French government.

These are the excerpts from the list of grievances from the third estate about the King, taxing, and voting brought to the Estates General:

"That the taille (a tax on land) be borned equally by all classes."

"The meetings of the Estates General...shall be scheduled for definite times...in order to assume the third estate the influence it deserves because of its numbers...its votes in the assembly should be taken by head..."

"That the king be forced to reform the abuses & tyranny of letter de cachet (A warrant formerly issued by the king who could warrant imprisonment or death in a signed letter under his seal)"

I understand the third estate's complaint about equal taxes for all, but I really don't quite understand what the other two grievances mean. Please help.

Expert Answers
pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

 

"The meetings of the Estates General...shall be scheduled for definite times...

Since the third estate was generally less well off than the others, it needed to have definite meeting times so deputies could arrange to be free.  The lords and clergy had an easier time just going some place on the spur of the moment.

 

in order to assume the third estate the influence it deserves because of its numbers...its votes in the assembly should be taken by head..."

This is the easiest one.  There were way more deputies from the third estate than from any of the others.  But the way things were, they voted by estates.  In other words, each estate had one vote rather than each deputy having one vote.  So that meant the larger numbers of the third estate didn't end up counting.

"That the king be forced to reform the abuses & tyranny of letter de cachet (A warrant formerly issued by the king who could warrant imprisonment or death in a signed letter under his seal)"

This one has way less to do with the various estates.  It's more of a civil liberties issue like in our Bill of Rights.  In fact, this is similar to a Bill of Attainder, such as is banned in our Constitution.