A ball is projected upwards from a point 4m above the ground with a speed of 4m/s. Find:(a) The speed of the ball when it is 15m above its point of projection (b) The speed with which the ball hits...

A ball is projected upwards from a point 4m above the ground with a speed of 4m/s. Find:

(a) The speed of the ball when it is 15m above its point of projection

(b) The speed with which the ball hits the ground.

Asked on by diarie

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justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

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The ball is projected upwards with a speed of 4 m/s from a point 4 m above the ground. There is an acceleration on the ball due to the gravitational force of attraction of the Earth equal to 9.8 m/s^2 acting downwards.

Let the speed of the ball when it is 15 m above its point of projection be v.

Use the formula v^2 - u^2 = 2*a*s, where v is the final velocity, u is the initial velocity, a is the acceleration and s is the distance traveled.

v^2 - 4^2 = 2*15*(-9.8)

=> v^2 = -278

This is not possible. We can infer that the ball cannot reach a height of 15 m if it is projected at 4 m/s.

The maximum height that the ball can reach is 16/2*9.8 = 0.816 m.

The velocity of the ball when it hits the ground is:

v^2 - 16 = 2*4*9.8

=> v = 9.715 m/s

=> v = 8.85 m/s

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