Background What is the background and setting of the story Postmaster by Rabindranath Tagore?

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The setting of Ulapur is important for a couple of reasons.  The first reason that the village is important is because it represents the desire of the postmaster to leave.  The story becomes and develops quite differently if the postmaster loves Ulapur.  It becomes evident from the earliest points of the exposition that the postmaster is seeking to get out of the town.  Everything he does in the town is based in the desire to leave it.  This creates a different arc of characterization trajectory in the postmaster for each step he takes towards any possible notions of creation is done so within the paradigm of departure or destruction.  I think that another significance to the setting is that Ulapur is where Ratan has lived and will presumably die.  While the postmaster views it in a temporal condition, Ratan seems to have little choice but to see it as a permanent condition.  She has lived as an orphan or an outsider all of her life in Ulapur and Tagore's development seems to indicate that she will continue to live in Ulapur, as there is little to indicate that her wandering will exist outside of it.  In this, the setting helps to construct a definite binary opposition between both characters that almost conspires to keep them fundamentally separated no matter what.  The postmaster's understanding of setting is a contingent one, while Ratan's understanding of it is more permanent.  He can and is able to envision a life outside of the village, while she is inextricably chained to it.  The only life that might exist outside of the village is with him, and for this reason, the postmaster's repudiation of Ratan is even more brutal in the light of the setting.  Tagore's setting of Ulapur is another example of the pain and cruelty that is such a strong part of the story.

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