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The Civilian Conservation Corps was one of the most important, and widely-publicized programs of the first phase of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal. It employed young men, one of the hardest hit groups by the Depression, in various jobs relating to conservation efforts on lands owned by the federal government. Young men would live together in work camps, building roads, digging irrigation and overflow ditches, planting trees, and performing other tasks essential to conservation on public lands. One of their principal projects was the construction of fire towers and other infrastructure for fighting forest fires, and the program was intended by Roosevelt to be part of a . They received a salary of thirty dollars a month, of which $25 was sent to their parents. Significantly, African-Americans and Native Americans were also employed by the CCC with equal pay, though black corps members lived in segregated camps. The program was perhaps the most popular of all the federal relief efforts during the Depression, and was expanded in the late 1930s to include young men whose families were not on local relief rolls. It was disbanded only with the advent of World War II.
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