autonomy on job
In developing countries, most fresh graduates opt to immigrate
to overseas for employment. A few of them desire to venture a new
business and others choose to get employment in national and
multinational firms. Yet, almost all fear that they might lose
freedom on job employment and simply would adhere to their boss and
his guidance throughout their career. Does one really lose autonomy
on one’s job? If yes, why do management fear of autonomy given to
Actually, autonomy on job entails freedom or independence. The
employees can make use of his creativity in job performance,
ability to decide and plan his job independently. They can exercise
freedom to participate in organization and social affairs.
Furthermore, autonomy is also discretion to prepare one’s own work
schedule, right to place one’s job- related grievances and use of
the tools and resources in one’s own choice from among the
available. However, autonomy does not confer discretion to evaluate
one’s own performance, determine own remuneration, and exert
unethical pressure to management.
Autonomy for workers may or may not be possible, depending on
the type of business. For example, workers on an automobile
assembly line may not and should not demonstrate autonomy.
There is only one correct way to accomplish the task at that
employee's station, and any deviation would prove disastrous.
Autonomy to some extent might be appropriate in a sales
position. Here the employee is making contacts (by telephone
or in person) with prospects. She can express her autonomy by
choseing when to call on whom, what to say to that particular
person, and how to best follow-up based on her assessment of the
situation. Such autonomy is beneficial to the worker and her bottom
As an intermediate situation, a server in a restaurant has a
pretty structured series of activities in serving customers.
She can, however, exert her autonomy in terms of how she
communicates with her customers...how she establishes report.
But basically she must adhere to a rigorous pattern of activity,
starting with greeting the customers and delivering the menu,
taking orders and serving the food and beverages, and ending
with presentation of the bill.
So I would be of the opinion that the degree of autonomy given
to employees depends mostly on the nature of the job, and only to a
lesser extent upon the skills and character of the employee.
And in no case is it appropriate for the worker to express autonomy
in terms of not showing up or not doing the job for which he was