The lottery could be an obscure religious ritual of sacrifice to bring fertility to the area. The man who organizes the lottery is Mr. Summers, perhaps a symbol for the most productive time of the year for the community—and the man in charge of keeping it that way.
Mr. Graves's name could symbolize that the ritual of the lottery is of grave importance to the continued well-being of the community. And, of course, the person who is ritually sacrificed is headed to a grave.
Old Man Warner 's name derives from a name that traditionally designated a soldier who served as a guard in times of war. Perhaps he guards the ritual of the lottery, because he speaks against the idea of...
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