At the end of chapter 10, what motivates Victor Frankenstein to listen to the creature's story?

At the end of chapter 10, Victor Frankenstein listens to the creature's story partly out of curiosity and partly out of compassion. Also, for the first time, Frankenstein starts to feel some responsibility for his creation. That being the case, he thinks he should try to make him happy before he complains of the monster's wickedness.

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When the creature encounters Victor, he is met with disgust and rejection. The creature is miserable in his utter isolation and longs for human connection, particularly from the one who created him.

At first, Victor is unmoved by the creature's pleas, responding that they are "enemies" and there can never be a sense of "community" between them. The creature presents compelling arguments about his desire to be heard, telling Victor that he is constantly met with rejection among Victor's "fellow creatures," who owe him nothing.

Victor, on the other hand, is the creator; this creature is his own work, and he believes that he is thus entitled to defend himself before Victor completely condemns him. After all, he questions, how can Victor denounce him for murdering William and then seek to commit murder himself?

This logic strikes a chord within Victor, who prides himself on his scientific knowledge. He realizes that as a creator, he has some "duties" toward his creation, and he is at least partially motivated by "curiosity and compassion" after listening to the creature's pleas. Victor also wants to know with certainty whether the creature murdered William; he has long believed that William died at the creature's hands, but he has not been able to confirm his suspicions. Victor therefore has a "heavy heart and depressed spirits" as he commits to listening to the creature's tale.

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In chapter 10 of Frankenstein, Victor has had a very pleasant excursion to the mountains rudely interrupted by the sudden, unwelcome appearance of his monster. As one can imagine, Victor's not best pleased to see the hideous creature who only recently killed his brother. He subjects his creation to some choice insults, calling him a "wretched devil," an "abhorred monster," and a "vile insect."

The monster expected such a reception. He tries to calm the situation by promising that he will be "mild and docile" if Frankenstein agrees to do right by him. The monster feels like Satan, the fallen angel from Milton's Paradise Lost, deprived of joy for no good reason. Everywhere he looks, the monster sees bliss, and yet everywhere, he is excluded from it. All he wants is for Frankenstein to make him happy, and then he will be virtuous again.

But Victor is unconvinced by what appears to be nothing more than emotional blackmail. He and the monster are now enemies, and there can be no reconciliation between them. But the monster isn't done trying to persuade his creator just yet. All he asks is that Frankenstein listen to his story. If, after hearing it, Frankenstein still wants to destroy the creature, then so be it.

Eventually, Frankenstein agrees to listen to the monster's story. As he tells us, he's motivated by curiosity, compassion, and a sense of duty toward the creature that he himself made. As such, he thinks it only right and proper that he endeavor to make him happy before complaining of his wickedness.

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Frankenstein, or, The Modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley is the story of an ambitious scientist who creates a living creature from body parts he has assembled from morgues and cemeteries. Disgusted by the monster when it comes to life, Victor Frankenstein flees, and when he returns the creature has escaped. At first Frankenstein is relieved, but later when his brother is found murdered he realizes the monster may be responsible. After another man is imprisoned for the murder, Frankenstein finds the creature on a glacier. Although he is ready to attempt to destroy his creation, he agrees to listen to his story first.

An important thing to remember is that in Shelley's novel, the monster is not incoherent and uncommunicative as he is portrayed in the sensationalist films. Instead, he is intelligent, lucid, and articulate. He begs Frankenstein to listen to his story for several reasons: that he is stronger than Frankenstein and can easily overcome him, that as his creator Frankenstein is responsible for him, and that by human laws the guilty are allowed to speak in their own defense before they are condemned. As he follows the monster to his hut, Frankenstein reasons:

I weighed the various arguments he had used and determined at least to listen to his tale. I was partly urged by curiosity, and compassion confirmed my resolution. I had hitherto supposed him to be the murderer of my brother, and I eagerly sought a confirmation or denial of this opinion. For the first time, also, I felt what the duties of a creator towards his creature were, and that I ought to render him happy before I complained of his wickedness. These motives urged me to comply with his demand.

So in response to the creature's plea, Frankenstein agrees to hear his story motivated by curiosity, compassion, a sense of duty as his creator, an urge to make him happy, and to find out definitively whether or not the creature had killed his brother.

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It is at this moment in the novel that Victor Frankenstein really starts to open his eyes to what he has done. The creature of his making confronts him and argues for Victor to hear his tale. Victor is disgusted with the creature, but agrees to listen because the creature argues so persuasively the Victor can not help but hear. The creature explains that he is Victor's creation and therefore what he is, is because of Victor's making. The monster describes himself as "miserable" and "wretched beyond expression" and states that it is all because of Victor. He tells Victor that he must listen to his tale and know why, understand his creation, then he can decide what to do. Victor states,  "For the first time, also, I felt what the duties of a creator towards his creature were, and that I ought to render him happy before I complained of his wickedness. These motives urged me to comply with his demand." He understands that he does owe something to his creation, much like a parent.

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