To an extent, I feel that Changez's change towards living in Pakistan in the end is facilitated by his visit to Pakistan seen in chapter 9. It is here where Changez realizes how much he has changed and why he is not entirely happy with such a change. He sees Pakistan and his home through the eyes of a foreigner, "observing" it. He feels a certain amount of shame with how political reality has progressed and his perceived role in it. Pakistan has offered help to the United States, but many in Changez's family, representing the prototypical Pakistan citizens, feel that Pakistan will not help the United States in its conflict with India. Changez feels that the United States has turned on Pakistan and with it, the weight of the world has isolated Pakistan. Changez's culture is under siege from the the marauding American forces and there is little he can do about it. Changez feels that he is a part of this and starts to show more of a solidarity with his culture. He begs his mom for him to say as well as grown a beard. It becomes evident that he no longer sees himself as an outsider when he is in Pakistan, an experience that is more intrinsic to his time in America. These help to reflect how Changez's perception of his culture helps significantly in his desire to want to take a pro- Pakistan point of view, something that drives his desire to want to return at the end of the novel.