Approximately, how many African-Americans went to college in the 1800s?

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ladyvols1 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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In the 1620s and 1630s, European missionaries began efforts to convert Africans to Christianity and provide them with a basic education. The Pennsylvania Quakers began organizing educational meetings for people of African heritage in the early 1700. Then in 1774, they started a school for blacks in Philadelphia. “By the mid-1800s, the city had become a center for black learning, with public, industrial, charity, and private schools providing an education for more than 2,000 African American students.” Freedmen's organizations were formed to provide educational opportunities to former slaves. Because of the laws passed by Congress in the 1860s, more than 2,500 schools were begun in the South.  Soon, colleges began to opened their doors for Black Students and in the 1870s, religious organizations and other programs played  a part in the establishment and support of many early black institutions of higher learning. By 1900, more than 2,000 black Americans had graduated from college. That may sound like a lot but in 1790, “the black population approached 760,000, and nearly eight percent of all blacks in America were free. Free blacks, however, were bound by many of the same regulations that applied to slaves.”

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