Fortunately, Jane Eyre has many different themes to work with, such as love, individuality, belonging, acceptance, forgiveness. Many short stories share similar themes; for example, the short story from Flannery O'Connor, "A Good Man is Hard to Find," comes from a completely different style and genre, but shares the similar theme of atonement. Both Bronte and O'Connor address the theme of forgiveness or atonement from very different angles and character motives, so a comparison between the two could result in some extremely interesting correlations.
Another novel worthy of comparison to Jane Eyre is the modern retelling of Bronte's original story, Wide Sargasso Sea, by Jean Rhys. Rhys' vivid story tells the story of Jane Eyre from the perspective of Bertha, Rochester's mad wife. Although the story orginates from a new and fresh angle, Rhys incorporates many of the original themes of Jane Eyre.