Is there any relation between the French Revolution and Indian independence??

2 Answers

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

The French Revolution began in 1789.  India gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.  Clearly, there is not any close relationship between the two.  It is, however, possible to argue that there is some sort of relationship.  You can say that the French Revolution helped to bring about the idea that democracy is the proper form of government and that people should be nationalistic.  These ideas could have helped to bring about Indian independence.

The French Revolution was one factor that helped make people believe in democracy.  After the revolution, democratic ideas spread to other countries. For example, the revolution in Haiti was inspired in part by the French Revolution. We could argue that democratic ideas spread because of the French Revolution, grew over time, and eventually helped lead to Indian independence.

The French Revolution also helped to create the idea of nationalism.  One aspect of nationalism is the idea that each group of people should be able to rule itself.  The idea of nationalism helped to bring about such things as the unification of Germany and the unification of Italy long after the French Revolution.  The idea of nationalism also helped lead Indians to want to rule themselves.  Since the French Revolution helped create the idea of nationalism, we can say that it helped bring about India’s independence.

thetall's profile pic

thetall | (Level 1) Senior Educator

Posted on

The main relationship between the French Revolution and the Indian independence movement is that in both instances there was a will by the people to change how they were governed.

It is highly likely that the French Revolution, which occurred years earlier, was used as a benchmark for the Indian independence movement. On one hand, the French were fed up with the monarchy system, while on the other hand, the Indian population was tired of being led by the British government. The French Revolution proved that it was possible to change a powerful system of government and adopt another.

The success of the French Revolution motivated the Indian independence movement to continue agitating for citizens' rights, freedoms, and self-governance. Although the Indian struggle for independence was bound to happen, it was necessary for the movement to draw strength from previous events such as the French Revolution. Thus, some of the ideas expressed through the French Revolution are similar to the ideas of the Indian struggle for independence.