In Antigone, what did Polynices do to betray someone? Wasn't he king of the kingdom but went against his own people, and that lead to his death and Creon not giving him a proper burial?

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Creon treats Polynices as a traitor, though whether he actually is a traitor is left ambiguous. Polynices was supposed to share the rule of Thebes with his brother, Eteocles, the two alternating year by year. However, Eteocles refused to give up the rule to his brother when it was Polynices's turn. Polynices therefore decided to raise an army and, with six foreign princes, march on Thebes. He was defeated, he and Eteocles managed to kill each other, and Creon decided Polynices was a traitor. Therefore, Creon refuses to allow him to be buried, a great dishonor. Antigone, Polynices's sister, refuses to accept Creon's decree as just, and so she "buries" her brother by tossing some dirt on his exposed corpse. When Creon finds out, he condemns Antigone to death. He eventually changes his mind, but at this point it is too late: she has already hanged herself.

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Polyneices was the brother of Eteocles. Their father was Oedipus. When Oedipus left Thebes in exile after finding out he had killed his father and married his own mother, he put both brothers on the throne. The brothers were supposed alternate years when each was king. In other words, one year Eteocles was supposed to be king and the next year he was to give the leadership of Thebes to his brother, Polyneices. However, Eteocles refused to give up his throne when the time came for Polyneices to be king. So, Polyneices raised an army and attacked Thebes. In the battle, both brothers were killed. Their uncle, Creon, took the throne and decried that since Polyneices had fought against his own people, he was not to be buried. This fate would condemn his soul to wander the earth for 100 years. That is why his sister, Antigone, is so anxious to bury Polyneices and why she disobeys Creon's edict.

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