In the first chapter of the novella, the animals assemble in the barn and listen to old Major elaborate on his dream of living on a farm ruled by animals, who are free from human tyranny and live among each other in harmony. Old Major then warns them about interacting...
In the first chapter of the novella, the animals assemble in the barn and listen to old Major elaborate on his dream of living on a farm ruled by animals, who are free from human tyranny and live among each other in harmony. Old Major then warns them about interacting with humans and adopting their behaviors and habits. After old Major passes away, the pigs develop a system of thought known as Animalism and adopt his principles to create the Seven Commandments. The following are the Seven Commandments:
1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
3. No animal shall wear clothes.
4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
7. All animals are equal.
The first two commandments warn about interacting with humans, who are nefarious, selfish, and tyrannical, which is why it is considered a vice to walk on two legs. Wearing clothes can be considered a vice because focusing on one's appearance distracts from necessary tasks that enable the farm to thrive and function efficiently. Attire and appearance are also counterintuitive to establishing a completely equal society, where everybody is viewed and treated the same.
Sleeping in beds could be considered a vice because it creates distance among the animals and is viewed as a privilege. There are not enough beds for every animal, which means that some animals will be forced to sleep outside or in the barn. This could potentially threaten the social stability of the farm and become a serious issue.
Drinking alcohol is considered a vice that would impair the animals' decision-making abilities and cause conflict among them. Killing animals is also counterintuitive to cultivating a peaceful, egalitarian society and creates a hysterical, dangerous environment.
All animals being treated equally could not be considered a vice and is an admirable aim of the farm.