Why can it be said that George Orwell based the following characters on the following historical figures?: Old Major - Vladimir Lenin, Napoleon - Joseph Stalin, Snowball - Leon Trotsky

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One reason why people would say that Orwell based characters of Animal Farm off of individuals in the Russian Revolution is because they closely parallel one another.

Old Major is shown to be the source of Animalism.  He brings the philosophy to the farm and speaks from a theoretical perspective that unifies the farm. His persuasion enables the animals to "buy in."   Old Major dies before his vision can take full form.  Lenin served much of the same function in the history of the...

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