In Animal Farm by George Orwell, what aspect of the Russian Revolution does the Battle of Cowshed represent?

In Animal Farm by George Orwell, the Battle of the Cowshed represents the Russian Civil War, which broke out not long after the Revolution of October 1917.

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The Battle of the Cowshed occurs early on in the life of Animal Farm, which the animals have seized from Mr. Jones. The animals, Snowball especially, prepare for a backlash.

At first, it doesn't come. The other farmers are sure that the revolution will collapse on its own in...

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The Battle of the Cowshed occurs early on in the life of Animal Farm, which the animals have seized from Mr. Jones. The animals, Snowball especially, prepare for a backlash.

At first, it doesn't come. The other farmers are sure that the revolution will collapse on its own in a few weeks, because they can't imagine the animals successfully running a farm. However, Animal Farm stays intact, so the other farms start to spread propaganda about the evils occurring under the animals' regime. When the animals are effectively able to propagandize in return, for example, spreading the lyrics of the "Beasts of England" song, Farmer Jones and the other farmers decide on military action.

It comes, and it mirrors the backlash and Russian Civil War after the 1917 Bolshevik revolution, which was supported by money that came from outside of Russia. In this conflict, "White" Russians, loyal to the czar, fought to take the country back from the "Reds," or communists, just as Farmer Jones and his men fight to take back Animal Farm. In the case of Russia, the Whites lost, in large part because of Trotsky's military and organizing abilities. In the case of Animal Farm, Farmer Jones is defeated, largely because Snowball, the Trotsky figure, has taken the time to study the battle strategies of Caesar.

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Although the Bolsheviks under the leadership of Lenin managed to seize power in the insurrection of October 1917, they had to fight to hold on to what they'd gained. The Bolsheviks were strongly opposed by a number of groups, including those antirevolutionary elements who supported the restoration of Tsarism.

These groups coalesced into what become known as the White Army, which waged a long, bitter, and bloody war against the Bolshevik Government. Eventually, the Bolsheviks prevailed, thanks in no small part to the military leadership of Trotsky, one of the leading figures in the insurrection of October 1917.

In Animal Farm, the Battle of the Cowshed is based on the Russian Civil War. Like the Bolsheviks, the animals have taken power in a revolution; and also like the Bolsheviks, they have been attacked by forces representing the old regime. The animals fight hard to defend their power, just as the Red Army under the leadership of Trotsky fought hard to prevail against White forces.

In Animal Farm, Trotsky is represented by Snowball, the undisputed hero of the Battle of the Cowshed. In due course, however, Snowball, like Trotsky, will be damned as a traitor to the regime and his contribution to the revolution airbrushed from history.

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The Battle of the Cowshed in Animal Farm represents the infighting during the Russian Civil War of 1917-1922. During this time, the Bolsheviks (the Red Army) battled the Whites, who were anti-communist. Some of the forces in the Whites were in support of the tsar, while some were capitalist. 

In the Battle of the Cowshed, Mr. Jones, the former farmer, tries to retake the farm. He symbolizes the former Russian tsar, Nicholas II, who was forced to abdicate. Jones is annoyed at having had his farm taken away from him, and he spreads fear among the neighboring farmers about the threat the animals pose to the order of the countryside. This type of fear is similar to the fear that anti-communist Russians had of the Bolsheviks, and it explains why they fought in the Russian Civil War. The animals' victory, spearheaded by Snowball, is similar to the victory of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War, when they defeated the Whites. The animals later create traditions to commemorate the battle, much as the Bolsheviks commemorated their victory over the Whites. 

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The Battle of the Cowshed represents the civil war between the White Army and the Red Army.  This was the civil war that took place after the October Revolution which brought the Bolsheviks to power.

In October of 1917, the Bolsheviks took power in Russia.  They transformed Russia into a communist country.  However, those Russians who believed in the monarchy (along with others who believed in various other non-communist forms of government) had not given up hope.  After the Bolshevik Revolution, the monarchists created the White Army and a civil war started between them and the communist Red Army. 

In the Battle of the Cowshed, people who favor the old regime on the farm attack it.  They are trying to overthrow the new government set up by the animals and restore the old government.  This is analogous to the Russian Civil War in which people who favored the old regime tried to overthrow the new Bolshevik  government.

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The Battle of Cowshed is representative of the inner fighting within Russia that occurred between the remnants of the Czar Nicholas II, loyal followers known as the Whites, and the Red Army led by Leon Trotsky, who is represented by Snowball.

The Battle of Cowshed is what eventually leads to the power struggle between Joseph Stalin, Napoleon, and Trotsky, Snowball for control of the Communist party, Animal Farm. 

Stalin takes control of the party, putting his friends in top positions in the party, effectively pushing Trotsky out of the party.  Trotsky is exiled, goes to Mexico and is assassinated in 1929 on Stalin's orders.

 

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