Analyze the properties of a sodium atom and a sodium ion. (continued below)
What are the differences in mass, stability, and reactivity that are caused due to the differences between the sodium atom and sodium ion? in APA format
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The mass of a sodium atom is 22.98977 g/mole. The mass of a sodium ion Na which has one electron less than a sodium atom is lesser by 9.109*10^-31 kg. For all practical purposes the mass of the two is the same.
A particle that is more chemically stable is less reactive and that is less stable is more reactive chemically. This results from the fact that a particle reacts with another particle to gain more stability.
The sodium atom is extremely reactive and has a very low stability. It reacts to form ionic compounds where it loses one electron and is converted to a sodium ion. The outermost electron shell of the sodium ion is complete and this reduces its chemical reactivity. In the process of getting converted from a sodium atom to a sodium ion one electron is lost, this makes the sodium ion positively charged and it is attracted to any negatively charged ion.
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