Analyze the properties of a sodium atom and a sodium ion. (continued below)
What are the differences in mass, stability, and reactivity that are caused due to the differences between the sodium atom and sodium ion? in APA format
The mass of a sodium atom is 22.98977 g/mole. The mass of a sodium ion Na which has one electron less than a sodium atom is lesser by 9.109*10^-31 kg. For all practical purposes the mass of the two is the same.
A particle that is more chemically stable is less reactive and that is less stable is more reactive chemically. This results from the fact that a particle reacts with another particle to gain more stability.
The sodium atom is extremely reactive and has a very low stability. It reacts to form ionic compounds where it loses one electron and is converted to a sodium ion. The outermost electron shell of the sodium ion is complete and this reduces its chemical reactivity. In the process of getting converted from a sodium atom to a sodium ion one electron is lost, this makes the sodium ion positively charged and it is attracted to any negatively charged ion.