How does Camus build tension in the passage describing Meursault's walk down the beach before he kills the Arab in The Stranger?

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In the middle of The Stranger, Merusault exercises his freedom by taking a walk on the beach.  He loves the sea and the sand.  Granted, there are Arabs stalking him and Raymond, but they do not deter him.  As precaution he takes Raymond's gun.  Shortly, for reasons unknown, he will unload his pistol on one of the Arabs.

Camus builds the entire novel around this climax and turning point in Meursault's life.  There are three deaths in the novel: his mother's, the Arab's, and his own.  Meursault will be imprisoned for killing the Arab, but he will be judged more heavily for not crying at his mother's funeral.  Together, the two deaths determine his own death sentence.

In terms of tension, Camus uses naturalistic imagery and metaphor:

“At the same instant the sweat in my eyebrows dripped down over my eyelids all at once and covered them with a warm, thick film. My eyes were blinded behind the curtain of tears and salt. All I could feel were the cymbals of...

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