Analyze the impact of technological change on the American industrial worker between 1865 and 1900.

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While the video was from a later time period, I feel the results that are listed are universal.  You could also add the fact that children were used more in factories and mines during the industrial period.  Perhaps tie in the fact that many agrarian workers moved to cities to find work in factories. This changed the nature of their jobs from farming to factory work.  

The work was very dangerous and the hours were long.  Workers often lived in apartments near the factory for cheap work. The apartments were owned by the factory, so much of the wages paid to workers went right back to the industrialists.  

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A great example of the monotony of the work is found in the 1936 Charlie Chaplin film by the name of Modern Times. Chaplin expertly parodies the plight of the American worker in the factories of the cities.

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The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people. --Karl Marx

Industrialism had a profound effect on the American worker. Before machines were utilized to produce goods, they were fashioned by hand with simple tools. The production of goods required a high degree of skill and sophistication. The craftsmen that produced these goods had a great deal of pride and were respected in the community. Craftsmen were usually, at the least, middle class on the socio-economic hierarchy. The manufacture of goods was a very personal affair and paid a decent wage. To become a craftsman normally required years of working for one as an apprentice.

With the introduction of machinery to the manufacturing equation, workers that produced goods were not required to possess a high degree skill or sophistication. Machines, for the most part, had replaced the handiwork of the craftsman of the past. The emphasis moved from quality to quantity and thousands of unskilled workers were hired to work in factories. The wages of the workers were barely at a subsistence level and the work was very dangerous with very little reward. Factory work was very impersonal and elicited very little pride in the people performing the work.

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