The Scientific Revolution was a movement in the seventeenth century which transformed our understanding of science and mathematics and served as a prelude to the Enlightenment. This revolution was, in part, a response to the problems faced by explorers in the great Age of Exploration, as they traversed the globe and encountered numerous issues of navigation which generated new scientific research. The Renaissance helped as well; the rediscovery of Ancient Greek and Roman texts reintroduced intellectuals to the ideas of philosophers like Plato, prompting a new appreciation for scientific order which we see reflected in the mathematical ideas of Da Vinci
The development of humanism was another contributing factor. It fostered the idea that humans had no limits on what they could achieve and enabled learning and philosophy to flourish, particularly in areas where the Protestant Reformation had taken place and where the Catholic Church had no control over the interests of intellectuals.