Analyze criticism of the �Electoral College� system and the alleged advantages and disadvantages of various reform proposals.

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States with a small population, such as Alaska, North Dakota, Wyoming, etc. usually have close to the minimum number of electoral votes, which is 3.  One for the at large Representative from the state, and two because each state has two Senators. 

If you take that as a percentage of electoral votes, 3/538 = .5% roughly, of the total vote.  If you take North Dakota's population, 641,481/304 million total population in 2008, then the percentage is much less, .2% of the vote. 

So by moving to a national popular vote system (which makes much more sense), small states lose what little voting power they have.  Why would any state vote to lessen their own say in the process?  Since we need 3/4th of the states to ratify a new Constitutional amendment, that makes one abolishing the Electoral College very difficult to pass.

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It would be a lot more helpful if you would specify which reform proposals you want analyzed.

A lot of people say that it is unfair to the losing candidate to have a state's electoral votes all go to the winner.  They say that it makes more sense to have the loser get some amount of electoral votes to reflect all the people who voted for that candidate.

One proposed reform is the idea of dividing electoral votes by congressional district.  In my state of Washington, that would end up giving some amount of a voice to those of us on the east side of the state who tend to vote Republican even though the state as a whole goes Democratic because of the huge numbers of people over on the west side.

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