The framers, in wanting to create a new form of government that was not authoritarian like the monarchy that they left behind, sought to draft a constitution that did not place all of the power for decision-making into one branch of government. This is why the United States has three separate branches - executive, legislative, and judicial - each with a unique role in the decision-making process and each with some degree of "checking" power on the others (this is the system that we refer to as checks and balances). This degree of group oversight did not exist in Great Britain. In the United States, Congress is the legislative or law-making branch of government. They write the laws. The executive branch is headed by the President who is commander in chief of the armed forces and has the ability to negotiate treaties, execute the laws enacted by congress, and make various appointments subject to the approval of the senate. Essentially, this branch carries out the laws. The Supreme Court acts as the primary judicial body whose main task is to make sure that the Constitution is never violated. In other words, it acts as a review board. Through this separation, the framers created a system that minimized the threat of any one branch becoming too powerful and turning into a dictatorship which is what they felt they were seeing in Britain.