Characterize Elizabeth Bates in "The Odour of Chrysanthemums" by D. H. Lawrence. 

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

D. H. Lawrence presents a woman who is disillusioned with her life in his story “The Odour of Chrysanthemums.”  Elizabeth Bates acts with hostility and anger toward her husband and children. Her hardness shows in her relationship with her children and even her mother-in-law.  This is a story of self-discovery that comes too late.

Elizabeth is a coalminer’s wife in a small mining community.  She and her husband have two children and expecting another. Described as a handsome woman with black hair, Elizabeth has an air of calm that she does not lose even when faced with death.

As she walks toward her house, she picks a branch of chrysanthemums, smells them, and holds them next to her face.  Obviously, she has dreams of a different life than this one with the harsh world of the mines. She places the branch in her apron.  Elizabeth lets no emotions show. 

Trapped in her small world, Elizabeth exudes a hopelessness that consumes her. Unhappily, Elizabeth spends much of her time waiting on her husband Walter, who has a habit of going to the local pub after work.  He was not a good husband or a father.  However, Elizabeth shares too much of her frustration about her husband with her children, and they are angry with him as well.

On this day, Elizabeth watches the other miners pass by on their way to their homes. The family waits for Walter to have their tea time. 

Her daughter notices the flower branch in her pocket and wants to smell the flowers.  Elizabeth takes the flowers out and hands them to her daughter rather irritably.  The daughter thinks the flowers smell wonderful. Elizabeth says that it is nonsense.

It was chrysanthemums when I married him, and chrysanthemums when you were born, and the first time they ever brought him home drunk, he had brown chrysanthemums in his button hole.

With her practical ways, she has raised her children, kept her house clean, and stayed in a bad marriage.

After waiting for a time and her husband still does not come, she and the children eat their supper.  Then, she puts the children to bed.

As she waits alone, her anger becomes linked with fear.  Elizabeth goes to her neighbor’s house and asks him to check on her husband for her.

Elizabeth opens the door.  One of the miners tells her that her husband has been dead for hours.  He was asphyxiated when one of the walls caved in on him. 

Elizabeth realizes that the workers will bring her husband home so that she can prepare his body. She has to get the parlor ready for him. As she walks into the parlor, she smells the chrysanthemums.  To Elizabeth, they have the smell of death. She prepares the floor so that they can walk around him when they wash him. 

Her husband’s body is placed on the floor.  She and his mother begin to clean and dress him for the burial. When she looks at her husband, Elizabeth comes to a realization.  She does not know who this man is.  He is a stranger to her.  She was in their bed with him, but she never shared herself with him. 

Elizabeth understands that she had been wrong about him.  Feeling grief and pity for her husband, she knows that she can never make it up to him. It is too late.

Walter must have suffered in life just as he did in his death. Being practical though, this part of Elizabeth's  life was closed.  Their life had been a sham, but she cannot fix it.  Shamed by her treatment of her husband, Elizabeth turns to the only thing that she knows to do.  She cleans and makes the house ready. 

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on

Soaring plane image

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial