Segregation and the Civil Rights Movement

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Analyze the changes that occurred in the 1960s in the goals, strategies and support of the African American civil rights movement.

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Earlier on in the push for African-American civil rights, the main method for achieving the ends that the movement expected was through litigation. For instance, in the case of Brown v. Board of education, the movement won a major victory when the Supreme Court ruled against segregating black and white students into separate elementary schools.

The 1960s ushered changes in tactics used by the movement, and members began to pursue a more direct approach. The direct action involved participation in acts of non-violent civil disobedience. The mainstream African-American civil rights movement also extended a leading role in the process to the youths by initiating youth groups. The youth groups took the non-violent actions a notch higher by initiating sit-ins...

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