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The major change of this sort happened after 1965. Before 1965, the Civil Rights Movement had been pushing for legal rights. It wanted the end to legalized segregation and to policies that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote. These goals were pursued non-violently and the movement was supported by a large segment of the white population.
But after 1965, these earlier goals had been achieved. The movement now started to push for things like economic equality and an end to de factosegregation. There was also an increase in black nationalism. Some leaders called for an end to nonviolence and there were many riots that flared up (though these were really not closely connected to the movement). These new goals and attitudes were much more controversial among whites. They did not want to have to make the sacrifices that might lead to greater economic equality. They opposed things like affirmative action on both legal/moral grounds and because those things would hurt them economically.
As the goals of the movement (and the attitudes of some in it) became more controversial, the movement lost white support.
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