Analyze at least two monologues from "Hamlet" that highlight Hamlet's mental state.

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mrs-campbell eNotes educator| Certified Educator

His soliloquy found in Act 1 scene 2 reveals that his mental state is one of tormented anguish.  Hamlet moans and groans about how awful life is, and how he wishes he could just "melt, thaw and resolve...into a dew" or that he could just take his own life away (he says he can't because God has forbidden "self-slaughter").  He feels the world has only "rank and gross" things.  He seems to indicate that among them is his mother, who"would hang on" his father, who "within a month...married my uncle" before even "the salt of most unrighteous tears had left the flushing in her galled eyes". His anguish and torment are evident in this monologue.

Another soliloquy is in Act 3 scene 1, where his state of mind is more ponderous and melancholoy than angry.  He is still preoccupied with death; he wonders what keeps us from dying, which is a "a consummation devoutly to be wished".  He concludes that it is  "the dread of something after death", the fear of "the undiscover'd country from whose bourn no traveller returns" that keeps us from taking our life.  He says that "thus conscience does make cowards of us all", that we think too much, and so don't have the courage to escape the pains of this world.  His mind here is longing for peace, respite, to escape, but philosophizing as to why we don't, and his conclusion is one more negative summary of mankind:  We are cowards.