What are the significant factors influencing the health of rural and remote people in Australia?
One class of significant factors in the health of rural and remote zone people in Australia are women's fertility rate; the overall premature death rate; and the incidence rate of hospitalization for injuries, falls and burns. The fertility rate in rural and remote zones is higher than in "capital cities." This adds compromising pressures on women's health and economic pressures to the family, which may contribute to lessened economic resources for prosperous health.
The higher premature death rate for both male and female adds socioeconomic pressure reducing earning capacity for households and degrading resources for prosperous physical and mental health. Hospitalization for injuries, falls and burns indicates greater hardships and dangers in socioeconomic spheres, especially economic employment. In addition, hospitalization adds pressures of the same sort as those occasioned by premature death, though of generally a short-term nature, unless the injury, fall, or burn results in permanent disability.
Socioeconomic status of people in rural and remote zones is the result of economic resources and economic occupations. For both subcategories, opportunities are restricted and hampered because of the difficulty of realizing economic potential in rural and remote zones. The distance from major urban centers of rural and remote zones hampers realization of potential for development of economic resources and economic occupations.
Finally, distance from major urban centers limits and impedes access to health care. This is true of access to General Practitioners, pharmacists, specialists, and institutional accommodation for the aged. These all put pressure on the economic resources and the well-being of family members, which in turn affects pressures on work out-put and concentration, further degrading the health of people living in rural and remote zones in Australia.
[For more information, read Health in rural and remote Australia, by Kathleen Strong, et al.]