Why is the poem "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" so popular?
One aspect of the poem that relates to people is that it mourns the death of common, ordinary people, idealizing and elevating them. Readers are able to relate to the subjects of the poem because they are people who worked hard for their families, much like us. The poet says the common people buried in the churchyard should have memorials on their graves just like the rich and famous do because they could have probably been something if given the chance. This speaks to the dreams we all have to make it big or to do something with our lives. The poem speaks simple truths to readers. Samuel Johnson praised it by saying, "The 'Churchyard' abounds with images which find a mirrour in every mind, and with sentiments to which every bosom returns an echo are to me original. . ." The story is universal and timeless. It is a meditation of how death is the final act of a human being, no matter who you are or how much money you have. We see the world through the speaker's eyes who represents all humankind. But the poem doesn't end with terrible depression. The speaker hopes for immortality by making a friend in Heaven and by believing that he will rest in "The bosom of his Father and his God." The beautiful language of the poem also make it a beautiful experience to read it because the words speak to us in its beautiful rhyme, rhythm, and alliteration.
The poem was written in the classical style, but has elements of the Romantic poets who relished in the power of the individual, the beauty of nature, and the supernatural among other things. Probably the most important factor pointing to the poem's popularity is that it idealizes the comman man, and brings his importance in the universe to an equal status with those who were wealthy and affluent.
The poem invokes the classical idea of memento mori, a Latin phrase which states plainly to all mankind, "Remember that you must die." The speaker considers the fact that in death, there is no difference between great and common people. He goes on to wonder if among the lowly people buried in the churchyard there had been any natural poets or politicians whose talent had simply never been discovered or nurtured. This thought leads him to praise the dead for the honest, simple lives that they lived.