In A Black Theology of Liberation, James H. Cone, a theology scholar, criticized Christianity as it had previously been understood, particularly its Eurocentrism. Essentially, he claimed that Christianity had deviated from its original purpose, and had become an instrument of oppression. Cone argued for an interpretation of Christianity that returned to what he argued were its roots:
There can be no Christian theology that is not identified unreservedly with those who are humiliated and abused. In fact, theology ceases to be a theology of the gospel when it fails to arise out of the community of the oppressed.
This bold claim had striking implications, namely that an authentic version of Christianity was that that emerged from the poor and downtrodden ranks of society. Thus black liberation theology was more authentic than the Eurocentric, capitalist-dominated Western Christian tradition. In short, a new Christianity should be constructed in opposition to the systems of oppression that plagued black people and oppressed people everywhere.